ALMOSNINO


ALMOSNINO
ALMOSNINO, Sephardi family, originating in Spain and prominent later in Morocco, Salonika, Gibraltar, and England. The family was established from the 13th century at Jaca in Aragon, where BARZILLAI was baile in 1277 and JOSEPH and JACOB (possibly his sons) were "adelantados" of the Jewish community in 1285 (Régné, Cat, nos. 1277, 1370). ABRAHAM, an outstanding member of the Jewish community of Huesca, helped in the readmission of the converso Juan de Ciudad to Judaism in 1465. A generation later he was condemned by the Inquisition for his complicity in this and burned alive on December 10, 1489. His family thereafter settled in Salonika and were among the founders of the Catalan community there and legal proprietors of its synagogue. His children included the physician, JOSEPH, author of an elegy on the destruction of Jerusalem (published in Sefunot, 8 (1964), 264–5); a son ḤAYYIM, an active member of the Catalan community; and a daughter, who married R. Abraham Cocumbriel, son of Asach (Isaac: not Abraham, as the name was remembered in family tradition). Cocumbriel had perished together with Abraham Almosnino. The two families continued to intermarry, their descendants including BARUCH (d. 1563), head of the Catalan community in Salonika in the mid-16th century, father of moses . Another ABRAHAM, a physician of Toledo (perhaps a cousin of the martyr), settled in Fez after the expulsion from Spain where he assisted in organizing the community of the megorashim ("exiles"). His son JOSEPH was a physician as well as a poet, and so was his grandson ABRAHAM. The almosnino   latter's nephew, ISAAC ḤASDAI (b. c. 1580), after many adventures, was arrested at Goa (India) on suspicion of being a New Christian physician from Oporto named Manuel Lopes and was sent to Lisbon for trial by the Inquisition. On successfully demonstrating that he was a Jew by birth, he was released and deported (Torre do Tombo Archives, Lisbon, Inquisião de Lisbõa, reg. 5393). In a later generation, ḤASDAI (c.1640–1727) was among the most prominent rabbis of Tetuán. He was probably the father of ISAAC (d. 1785), rabbi of Gibraltar, who went from there with other Jews to London during the siege of 1781. His son Hasdai became a member of the bet din of the London Sephardi community. Of the latter's sons, ISAAC (d. 1843), ḥazzan of the community, modernized the service, at the same time carrying on a protracted quarrel with the rabbi, raphael meldola , over the pronunciation of Hebrew, and SOLOMON (1792–1877), was secretary of the community and exercised influence over it for many years. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Urkunden, 1 (1926), 196; 2 (1936), 484ff.; E. Carmoly, in: Univers Israélite (Jan.–March 1850); A.M. Hyamson, The Sephardim of England (1951), 230–2. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALMOSNINO, JOSEPH BEN ISAAC — (1642–1689), rabbi, halakhic authority, and kabbalist. Almosnino was apparently born in Salonika, and studied under Hananiah Taitaẓak. He went to Jerusalem to study in Jacob Ḥagiz s bet ha midrash, Bet Ya akov, where he probably made the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALMOSNINO, MOSES BEN BARUCH — (c. 1515–c. 1580), Salonika rabbi, scholar, and preacher. His numerous publications show his extensive knowledge of science, philosophy, history, and rhetoric. His rabbinic scholarship was widely respected. Although his responsa were never… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses Almosnino — Moses ben Baruch Almosnino (c. 1515 – c. 1580) was a distinguished rabbi; born at Thessaloniki about 1515, and died in Constantinople about 1580. He was elected rabbi of the Neveh Shalom community of Spanish Jews in that city in 1553, and of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Philippe Almosnino — ou Phil Almosnino est un guitariste francais. Biographie Il fonde au milieu des années 1980 le groupe parisien Wanderers, avec Benjamin Sportes (Sporto Kantes), Eduardo Leal de la Gala (Les Tétines Noires, Wreckless Eric) et son frère Laurent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph Almosnino — (1642–1689) was the son of Isaac and grandson of Moses ben Baruch Almosnino. He was rabbi at Belgrade, and author of numerous responsa, collected by his son Isaac under the title Edut bi Yehosef (Testimonies in Joseph) and published at… …   Wikipedia

  • Didier Chappedelaine — Les Wampas Les Wampas Les Wampas au Festival de Quend du film grolandais, en 2006 Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Les wampas — Les Wampas au Festival de Quend du film grolandais, en 2006 Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tony Truant — Les Wampas Les Wampas Les Wampas au Festival de Quend du film grolandais, en 2006 Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wampas — Les Wampas Les Wampas Les Wampas au Festival de Quend du film grolandais, en 2006 Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Les Wampas — à Balelec 2011. En sens horaire depuis en haut à gauche : Jean Mi Lejoux (basse), Didier Wampas (chant), Niko Wampas (batterie), Tony Truant (guitare), Philippe Almosnino (guitare) …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.